Chemical Thermodynamics

    Introduction to Chemistry 480A
    States of Matter, Variables, and Units
    Ideal gas and van der Waals equations of state
    The virial equations of state
    Critical Points
    Critical Constants for van der Walls Gas
    Solids, Liquids, Thermometers, Ideal Gas Temperature Scale
    Work, Energy, the First Law
    pV Work, Reversible and Irreversible Processes
    Heat and Heat Capacity
    Energy, the First Law, and Enthalpy
    Joule Expansion, Adiabatic Expansion, Adiabatic Work, Joule-Thompson Expansion
    Thermodynamic Equation of State, Relationship between Cp and CV
    Thermochemistry, Making and Breaking Bonds, Ions In Water Solution
    Exact and Inexact Differentials, in Thermodynamics
    Introduction to the Second Law of Thermodynamics
    The Carnot Cycle
    Consequences of the word statements of the Second law as derived from cycles
    Second law - the equation
    Second law - Applications: Definition of Equilibrium, Entropy Change Calculations
    Entropy of Mixing - Ideal Gases;What Does Entropy Measure?
    Helmholtz and Gibbs Free Energies; More Criteria for Equilibrium, Maxwell's Equations
    Adiabatic Compressibility, Adiabatic Expansion Revisited
    Gibbs Free Energy and Chemical Reactions The "Driving Force" for Chemical Reactions
    The Third Law of Thermodynamics; Entropy Changes in Chemical Reactions
    Gibbs Free Energy and Temperature - The Gibbs-Helmholtz Equation
    Gibbs Free Energy and Pressure, Chemical Potential, Fugacity
    Open Systems, Integration of dU, Gibbs-Duhem Equation
    Phase Equilibrium
    One-Component Phase Diagrams
    Clapeyron and Clausius-Clapeyron Equations
    The Melting Curve for Water; Vapor Pressure; Vapor Pressure Under External Pressure
    Mixtures; Partial Molar Quantities: Ideal Solutions
    Activity and Activity Coefficients
    Vapor Pressure Diagrams; Henry's Law, Boiling Diagrams
    Colligative Properties (Including Osmotic Pressure)
    Gibbs Phase Rule
    Two-Component Phase Diagrams and Cooling Curves
    Chemical Equilibrium, K and K(T)
    Ions in Solution, Ionic Strength, and DHLL
    Electrochemistry I, Electrical work and Electrochemical Cells
    Electrochemistry I, Continued, Half-Cells and Reduction Potentials
    Electrochemistry II, Cells with no salt bridge, cell from reaction, and measuring Eo and the "average" activity coefficient

    Useful Mathematical Relations

    The cyclic rule, sometimes referred to as Euler's chain relation.

    Copyright 2001, W. R. Salzman
    Permission is granted for individual, noncommercial use of this file.
    Last updated 27 Aug 01